Sindh at a Glance
Sindh with its 47.9 million population stands second largest and with an area of 140914 Sq.Km stands third largest province of Pakistan. Sindh is the most urbanized and industrialized province of Pakistan. The population of Sindh increase 2.41% annually since the census of 1998. The portion of Pakistan’s Population in Sindh during 1951 was 18% which increased to 23% in 1998 and it is also increasing continuously due to migration from other parts of the country and abroad. Density of Sindh in 1951 was 43 per Sq.Km, which has also increased to 340 per Sq.Km in 2017.
Population Welfare Department Sindh
Pakistan is one of the pioneers in this region in the family planning program which was started in mid of 20th century.
In 1960 the Government of Pakistan started the National Family Planning Program (NFPP) was run by Ministry of Health up till 1965, afterwards separate semi autonomous body with the name of “Pakistan Family Planning Board” (East Pakistan and West Pakistan) was formed under the Ministry of Health which run it till early 80s. in 1983 Population Welfare activities was transferred to Provinces and they established independent Population Welfare Departments. But the programme was funded from federal government.
In 2010 after 18th Constitutional Amendment, Ministry of Population Welfare has been devolved and its functions transferred to the provinces. Consequent upon devolution, provinces have taken over all the assets and liabilities of the devolved subjects. Sindh is the first Province to formulate Provincial Population Policy in 2016. Sindh Population Policy 2016 Goals.
The policy envisions to.
- Enhance CPR from 30% in 2015 to 45% by 2020.
- Achieve the replacement level fertility i.e 2.1 births per woman by 2035.
- Achieve universal access to safe and quality reproductive health/family planning services by 2020.
- Increase access to family planning and reproductive health service to the most remote and farthest areas of the province by 2017.
- Increase efforts to reduce unmet need for family planning from 21 to 14% by 2020
- Attain a decrease in fertility level from 3.9 (2013) to 3.0 births per woman by the year 2020.
- Ensure contraceptive commodity security up to 80% at all public service outlets by 2018