Female sterilization provides permanent contraception for women who do want any more children.

 It is a safe and simple surgical procedure. Proper infection prevention procedures are required.

Female sterilization is also known as voluntary surgical contraception (VSC), tubal ligation, tying

the tubes, minilap.


  • Very effective;
  • Permanent;
  • Nothing to remember. No supplies needed and no repeated clinic visits required;
  • No effect on breast milk; and
  • Helps protect against ovarian cancer.


  • Un common complications of surgery;
  • requires physical examination and surgery by a specially trained provider;
  • Reversal surgery is difficult and not available in most areas; and
  • No protection against STDs.


  • Indications
  • Contraindications
  • Pregnancy;
  • Active Pelvic Infection; and
  • Acute Systemic infection.

 Sides effects & management

Sides effects  Management

Wound Infection

Treat with antibiotics

Post operative fever

Determine source of infection

Bladder, intestinal injuries

Determine presence of blood in urine or other signs of internal injury


Determine presence of infection or abscess

Gas embolism (very rare)

Check for increased respiration and pulse, decreased BP

Pain at incision site

Determine presence of infection or abscess

Superficial bleeding

Determine presence of infection or abscess


Where to get services

Services are available in all RHS-A Centers and RHS-B establish in major hospitals.